Detailed gene information

Genes [306]

TAIR: AT5G20320


Gasciolli V et al., 2005, Curr. Biol.
Xie Z et al., 2005, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.
Dunoyer P et al., 2005, Nat. Genet.
Deleris A et al., 2006, Science
Liu F et al., 2012, Science
Tsuzuki M et al., 2014, RNA
Nagano H et al., 2014, Nucleic Acids Res.

Appears in the following schemes

General processes & autonomous pathway

Protein function

Encodes a Dicer homolog involved in microRNA processing.


Multiple mutant:
dcl1;dcl4 multiple mutant is late flowering under both SD and LD conditions. [Gasciolli et al., 2005]

Multiple mutant:
dcl3;dcl4 multiple mutant is late flowering under both SD and LD conditions. [Gasciolli et al., 2005]

dcl4 single mutant has lower microRNA expression levels, and this phenotype is enhanced in dcl1;dcl4 double mutant. [Gasciolli et al., 2005]

Ribonuclease (RNase) III involved in RNA-mediated post-transcriptional gene silencing (PTGS). Functions in the biogenesis of trans-acting small interfering RNAs (ta-siRNAs, derived from the TAS1, TAS2 or TAS3 endogenous transcripts) by cleaving small dsRNAs into 21-24 nucleotide ta-siRNAs. Functions with the dsRNA-binding protein DRB4 in ta-siRNAs processing. Acts in the RDR6/SGS3/DCL4/AGO7 ta-siRNA pathway involved in leaf developmental timing. Plays a role in transitive silencing of transgenes by processing secondary siRNAs. This pathway, which requires DCL2 and RDR6, amplifies silencing by using the target RNA as substrate to generate secondary siRNAs, providing an efficient mechanism for long-distance silencing. Required for the production of the 30-40 nucleotide bacterial-induced long siRNAs (lsiRNA). May participate with DCL3 in the production of 24 nucleotide repeat-associated siRNAs (ra-siRNAs) which derive from heterochromatin and DNA repeats such as transposons. Plays an important role in antiviral RNA silencing. Involved in the production of viral siRNAs derived from the cucumber mosaic virus (CMV), turnip crinkle virus (TCV) and tobacco rattle virus (TRV). Targeted by the viral silencing suppressor (VSR) protein 2b of the cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) that inactivates DCL4 function in RNA silencing. Does not seem to be involved in microRNAs (miRNAs) processing. [Data from UniProt]

Regulators, targets and interactors

Downstream actors

Upstream actors

Protein-protein interactions

DCL4 interaction network

Downstream and upstream flowering-related genes

Physical interactions with other flowering-related proteins